What are these seven old Norfolk RAF bases now?
- Credit: Archant Library
From turkey farms to fast cars, what are these seven of Norfolk's former RAF bases used for now?
Back in the day, Norfolk was home to more than 50 RAF bases, some used for squadrons from all over Europe and others simply as decoy bases.
Here's how things are today:
RAF Langham - Turkey farm and heritage centre
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Langham airfield was active for 18 years and played a key role in both the Second World War and the Cold War.
The airfield was the most northerly of the Norfolk wartime bases, 3.3 miles from the North Sea at Blakeney.
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Originally the base was built as a dispersal and satellite station to RAF Bircham, but it became fully operational in the summer of 1940.
The station was bought by Bernard Matthews, who constructed turkey sheds on the runways.
The Langham Dome is still at the base and was refurbished by The Friends of Langham Dome community group and turned into a visitor centre and museum.
RAF Hethel - Lotus Cars
Originally a stretch of farmland, the airfield was first developed in 1942 to be used by the US Army Air Force as a bomber squadron base - Station 114 - from which to launch attacks across Europe during the Second World War.
The base was assigned to the 320th Bombardment Group before construction had been completed in September 1942. The 310th and 389th Bombardment Groups were also posted at the site.
After the end of the war in Europe and the departure of the Americans, the airfield was assigned to RAF Fighter Command and saw further service before its closure in 1948.
Now, hundreds of cars are tested where military aircraft once flew.
RAF North Creake - Bed and breakfast
North Creake bomber base was once north Norfolk's secret weapon.
Built in 1943, the station had more than 3,000 people stationed there in its heyday. The first ever flying operation at the base was in support of the D-Day landings. In 2011 Nigel Morter and Claire Nugent bought the building and refurbished it into a quirky bed and breakfast.
RAF Sculthorpe - Business park and military training
This base was north Norfolk's only American Air Force atomic base and was home to 10,000 personnel.
The base, three miles west of Fakenham, was the atomic deterrent against the Soviet Union for over a decade. In 1997, the Ministry of Defence sold the entire technical, domestic and administrative site to The Welbeck Estate Group.
Now, it is used for military training in the Sculthorpe Training Area and the other parts of the base have been turned into a business park which houses Norfolk Painting School, Wensum Caravan Services, and even an escape room.
RAF Snetterton Heath - Snetterton race track
Construction of Snetterton Heath started in Autumn 1942 but was not completed until mid-1943 after its constriction was extended to turn it into an Eighth Air-Force bomber base.
It eventually had three concrete runways, 50 hard standings and two dispersed T2 hangers.
After some 300 missions from Snetterton Heath, the 96th Bomb Group left for the USA during November-December 1945. The station was then placed under care and maintenance by the RAF and kept in operational condition until closed.
The airfield was bought privately in 1952 for development as a motor cycle and motor car racing circuit, the first race meeting being held in 1953.
Now, hundreds of events are held at Snetterton each year including the British Touring Car Championships and British Super Bikes.
RAF Coltishall - Accommodation/ HMP Bure
RAF Coltishall was originally built as an "Expansion Period" bomber base in 1939, but was changed to a fighter station in 1940.
The main features of the airfield were four hangars, a control tower, a perimeter track with hardstandings for dispersed aircraft, bomb stores and initially, a grass take-off and landing strip. Between 1940 and 1945 the station was home to more than 80 fighter squadrons, including Polish and Czech units. By the end of the war Coltishall had destroyed 207 enemy aircraft, with 48 "probables" and more than 100 damaged.
The air base was left vacant after 66 years of continuous use in 2006.
Now it is home to HMP Bure and organisations including a development company which plans to turn the the officers' mess on Jaguar Drive into a 300-bed accommodation complex.
RAF Marham - RAF base
Marham is one of the only two RAF bases left in use in Norfolk and Suffolk.
Marham opened as a training establishment and night landing ground in 1916, but the base was later changed to a heavy bomber unit in 1937.
Twin-engine Mosquitos and Stirling heavy bombers were also based at Marham during the war. Through the 1950s and 1960s, it was home to a succession of flying tanker units, as the RAF pioneered air-to-air refuelling.
In 1990 the Tornado squadrons of RAF Marham deployed to the Middle East in what was the start of over 25 years of continuous operations in the region.
Now, RAF Marham is the home of the F-35 Lightning, a stealth fighter.